CLERMUN ASSEMBLY GENERAL - 8 SEPTEMBER 2021
Presentation of ClerMUN,
Presentation of the different organization teams,
Presentation of the chairs, their committee and their issues,
Team meetings ...
They've been working hard on the November ClerMUN Edition and can't wait to welcome you to Clermont-Ferrand next fall!
CLERMUN 1st EDITION, a local one- May 19-20,2021
« Model United Nations, MUN ». The first time students of Massillon heard these words, they gave way to a complete disbelief. But after some explanations, this phrase became interest. And once the machine was launched, the whole school threw itself in this crazy project: reproduce UN committees and their debates in Clermont-Ferrand.
Thus, we attended ClerMUN’s first edition on Wednesday and Thursday May 19-20, 2021. Three committees, UNCTAD, UNHCR, and WHO; and more than 60 delegates were involved.
After a wonderful Opening ceremony, we had the great opportunity to debate on diverse issues, but also to take part in crisis situations with the aim to solve these emergencies.
What’s more, we were honored to welcome among us Michelin representatives and, in videoconference, Mrs. Pompey, communication officer Desk France UNRIC. We were delighted by their presence and amiability. They answered our questions with kindness, and presented their job with passion. Heartfelt thanks to them and their motivation !
From these two days of debates and discoveries, we all grew up and became more mature, more aware, too, of the issues which need to be solved in our world.
Thanks to all those who believed in our project and rewarded us by their presence and thinking!
Long live ClerMUN!
"The future is Rail"
Climate change and environmental degradation make up an existential threat for Europe as well as the rest of the world.
In order to face this challenge, the European Union is establishing a new strategy called the Green Deal so that the EU will become climate-neutral by 2050. Several goals have been set following the Green Deal, one being the deployment of more sustainable, healthier and cleaner modes of transport.
In December 2020, the European Commission adopted the “Rail 2021” plan, which is linked with the objectives of the Green Deal. Indeed, this is a sustainable transport plan for the mobility of travelers and transport of goods within Europe.
It also represents the linchpin of a logistics network which guarantees essential services. An innovative and interconnected transport system, it links all European citizens and becomes the Single European Railway Area.
“Rail 2021” plays a major role in the development of cutting-edge technology in order to become affordable to all, particularly a means of transport for people with disabilities.
Not only is Rail 2021 interconnected, innovative and dynamic, but it is also safe and ecological. It is responsible for less than 0.5% of the 25 % transport-related greenhouse gas emissions, as opposed to more than the 10 % from vehicles and 5 % from airplanes.
“I encourage each of you to be part of the European Year of Rail.”, announces Adina Vălean, European Commissioner for Transport.
Various events and projects will be organized across the EU to promote the role of railway transport through other perspectives such as culture and heritage, as well as its importance for linking regions, people and businesses together.
By Agathe Roche
Translation : Inès Labranche
8th and 9th of February,2021
We had the opportunity to organise a seminar on Monday 7 and Tuesday 8 February, with the aim of training new delegates and enabling insiders to improve and pass on what they already knew. At the end of this course, our delegates learned how to write a resolution, a general policy speech, how to debate and all this with great eloquence. This eloquence was perfected thanks to the many tips and workshops given by Lucas, a third-year student at Sciences Po, whom we thank very much!
We would also like to thank in particular @afnu, which has greatly supported our project from the beginning and which allowed us to meet with Mr Bernard Miyet, ambassador and former UN Under-Secretary-General in charge of Blue Helmets.
By Marine Lagorsse
The Central African crisis: how to help exiled populations?
© HCR / Aristophane Nagargoune
The Central African crisis provokes the exile of more than 200,000 people who flee their homes because of rising insecurity since the 27 December vote. Armed groups have been flourishing in Central African Republic (CAR) since 2013. They fight to gain control over resources such as gold, uranium and diamonds, and over territories.
Officially, the United Nations (UN) and the African Union (AU) have recognized 14 armed groups, while they were 17 on the Central African soil in 2018. Insecurity, extreme poverty (according to the Human Development Report 2020, CAR is ranked 188 out of 189), and civil war force the populations to flee their country.
According to the latest information of the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), more than 200,000 people have crossed into neighboring countries in only a month, since the escalation of violence linked to the presidential and legislative elections on December 27. There are already more than 93,000 refugees in DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo) and 13,000 in Chad. Nowadays, more than 623,400 Central African refugees found shelter in Cameroon, Chad, DRC and Congo; and despite peaceful elections in February 2016, 684,000 people are still displaced within the country.
While NGOs attempt to bring help on the ground, violence against humanitarian workers in CAR has increased last year, as the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) points out. In order to respond to the needs of food, shelters, drinking water and urgently needed items, UNHCR is pre-positioning emergency supplies in stabilized regions in the north of DRC. UNHCR and its partners have appealed for donors in order to raise their support towards programs in CAR and in neighboring countries.
After registering, UNHCR and its partners bring help to Central African refugees recently arrived in Chad villages.
By Brieuc RIVIÈRE
Translation : Inès LABRANCHE
The United Kingdom left the European Union and also the Erasmus program!
Created in 1987, the European program Erasmus allows an exchange of students and teachers between European universities or high schools. This pedagogical project offers to thousands of European students the opportunity to discover a new culture while pursuing their studies. To give you an idea, in 2016, more than 300 000 students took part in this program, and this number has been constantly increasing since 1996.
However, the UK leaving the EU puts an end to many years of collaboration between Anglo-Saxon and European schools. Indeed, during the latest Brexit negotiations, Boris Johnson ended the European exchange program, replaced by his own global program (called “Alan Turing”).
The students’ mobility in Europe will thus be completely impacted in the next few years, adding to the fact that 150,000 members of this program are currently in the United Kingdom.
By Benjamin VERDIER
Translation : Inès LABRANCHE
The transport of vaccines
As we all know, the production of viable Covid vaccines began last December. In the media we constantly see information about the transport of doses around the European Union, since the validation of the vaccine on December 21, 2020 by EMA (European Medicines Agency).
In Europe we are principally interested in the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. Developed since last March, it has shown a high level of efficacy. With 616 million doses ordered, it is the 5th most ordered Covid 19 vaccine on a worldwide scale (according to an article by Ouest France).
The European Union pre-ordered 200 million doses and added an option on 100 million doses, making a total of 300 million doses. These doses are then shared among the 27 member countries according to population size. Thus, France, which represents 15 % of the EU population, shall receive 30 million initial doses, plus an option on 15 million extra doses. This will allow us to vaccinate 22.5 million inhabitants.
As for the transport of the vaccine, the itineraries and storage places vary and remain secret in order to prevent any theft or terrorist attacks; the Interpol Secretary General reportedly expects a heightened threat of crime from the beginning of the transit period of vaccines. Nevertheless, we know that Metropolitan France will be supplied by land and the overseas territories will be supplied by air, according to a spokesperson of Pfizer.
By Mariana Salinas Sanchez
Interview of ADESS MUN Director
Aude is a 4th year law student at Clermont-Ferrand and vice-president in charge of Model United Nations within the Student Association of her faculty. It organized ADESS'MUN in March 2020, an MUN which brought together more than 80 bilingual participants on the theme of prison policies.
The conflict in Tiger: serious concerns of the international community
Since early November, the Tigray, a region of Ethiopia on the border of Sudan and Eritrea, has been the scene of a conflict between the rebels of FLPT (People's Liberation Front of Tigray) and the Ethiopian army. Tensions have always been strong with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, and violence began when FLPT, originally a political movement, moves into opposition and separatism by holding parliamentary elections in August 2020 while those - these had been cancelled due to the Covid-19. pandemic. The escalation of tensions leads to the attack on November 4th by FLPT on an Ethiopian army barracks, which is the trigger of this war.
Since this attack, the central outfitter no longer recognizes the Tiger authorities and bombardes the FLPT, while the fighting rages, the two armies claim victories. The fear of a war with Eritrea also rejoined as neighboring countries had always been enemies, which led to a bloody war between 1998 and 2000, and the presence of the Eritrean army alongside the Ethiopian Regular Army is attested by numerous testimonies of refugees. This conflict also rekindles tensions with the rival ethnicity of the Amharas, as they suffer from the same persecution as their neighbors.
In addition, such violence is not without consequences for the people, especially since on November 21, the Ethiopian government called on civilians to flee the capital of Tigray, Mekele, warning that repression would be ′′ merciless ". According to the United Nations, more than 61000 people have already found refuge in the Sudan, but under dramatic conditions, while Tigreans remain there or internally displaced (2 million) lack food and that electricity and basic services are disturbed. 2,3 million people are in need, but humanitarian aid is hampered by permanent conflict and administrative bureaucracy. Hospitals are not working, and forced recruitment of children and sexual abuse is reported. In addition, the situation has been complicated for a long time, as Ethiopia prevented access to NGOs and the United Nations. As Jens Laerke, spokesperson for the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) summed up: ′′ Three months after the start of the conflict in Tigray, northern Ethiopia, the humanitarian response remains very limited and inadequate ".
Finally, one of the main problems in Tigray is the lack of information on the situation, since all communications have been cut off. NGOs report scenes of massacres, fills it up for an Ethiopian prime minister who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019 for his reconciliation efforts towards Eritrea.
By Ines Labranche
(PHOTO) © WFP / Leni Kinzli. Tens of thousands of refugees crossed the border between Ethiopia and Sudan to flee violence in the Tiger region. Source: UN